Question: Please give an explanation of Daniel 9:24-27. I am totally confused by all the different interpretations of this passage!
Answer: I would say that you have a lot of company! I will do my best to clear this up for you.
Daniel 9:24. (70 x 7 = 490 years). The Hebrew for “week” is “seven,” not days; but, rather years. Weeks ref. Genesis 29:18-27.
"Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. (24)
Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. (25)
And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. (26)
And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate." - Daniel 9:24-27
(a). “Thy people.” (Israel) (9:24a)
(b). “Thy Holy City” (Jerusalem) (9:24b)
(c). “To finish the transgression.” (9:24c)
“To finish the transgression” takes place within the 490 prophetic years. After the 70 Year Captivity, only about 50,000 Jews returned to Jerusalem to assist with the building of the Temple, as described in Ezra; and, rebuilding the walls, streets, and etc. of the city of Jerusalem under Nehemiah. Israel’s many transgressions had brought about the 70 years captivity, as foretold in Jeremiah 25:11 and 29:10.
“To finish the transgressions” (9:24c) reveals to us that there are more transgressions to be made by Israel. Less than 500 years later, Israel had turned the Temple worship of Jehovah into a secular den of thieves, by the hypocritical scribes, Pharisees, and priests. (Matthew 21:12,13). In John 1:11,
“He (Christ) came unto his own, and his own received him not.”
This transgression brought about God’s judgment in 70 AD when Titus destroyed Jerusalem, slaughtered some 600,000 Jews, and carried thousands captive into Egypt. The rest that escaped fled for their lives, finding refuge wherever they could through-out the world.
Germany executed some 6,000,000. They began to trickle back in 1917 via the Balfour Declaration, until they were recog-nized as a sovereign state by the United Nations in May of 1948. They are there in unbelief as they still refuse to accept Jesus Christ as their Messiah. Their rebellion and transgression continues.
(d). “And to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity.” (9:24d)
This takes place when Christ returns at the end of the Tribulation, when “all Israel shall be saved.”
“And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:” (i.e., Israel – Genesis 32:28).
“For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.” (v. 27). (Romans 11:26, 27).
(e). “And to bring in everlasting righteousness.” (9:24e)
This takes place when Christ returns to establish His Kingdom at the end of the Tribulation. Notice Jeremiah 3:17,18.
“At that time they (Israel) shall call Jerusalem the throne of the LORD; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.” (v.17).
“In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers.” (v.18).
(f). “And to seal up the vision and prophecy.” (9:24f)
The prophecy in Daniel 9:24-27, which is the 490 years, is fulfilled when Christ returns at the end of the last 7 years of the Tribulation. He, then, establishes His Kingdom on earth. There-fore, this prophecy is at that time concluded. In other words, “Seal it up, as it is no longer of use, since time has swallowed it up in fulfilling its predictions.”
(g). “And to anoint the most Holy.” (9:24g)
Revelation 19 describes Christ’s return to earth and His defeating the Anti-Christ’s armies. He throws the Political Beast and the False Prophet into the Lake of Fire burning with brimstone. (v.20).
Israel’s Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, has come in victory and will establish His Kingdom!
“And he (Christ) hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” (v.16).
(a). The Commandment of Artaxerxes.
“Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks:...” (Daniel 9:25)
This commandment was given by Artaxerxes, the King of Persia to Nehemiah for the rebuilding of Jerusalem in, or about, 445 B.C. (Nehemiah 2:1-8). In other words, from Nehemiah to the Messiah would be 7 weeks (i.e. years) and threescore (a score is 20, or 20 x 3 = 60 years) and two weeks (years) which equals 69 x 7; or, literally, 483 years.
The Hebrew word translated “week” means “seven.” It is the same meaning as in Genesis 29:18 when Jacob said...
“...I will serve thee (Laban) seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.”
Now notice in Verse 28...
“And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and he (Laban) gave him (Jacob) Rachel his daughter to wife...”
The word “seven” in Verse 18, and the word “week” in Verse 28, are both from the same Hebrew root word meaning “seven.” The Hebrew ‘SHBUAH” is the same word for “weeks” in Daniel 9:25, as it is for “weeks” in Genesis 29:28, meaning “seven.”
(b). We are also told in Verse 25 that the rebuilding of Jerusalem would be done in troubled times of opposition.
“...the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” ((9:25c)
Read Nehemiah through, and see Satan’s attacks upon those rebuilding the city, in fulfilling Daniel’s prophecy.
Satan’s missionaries today (atheists, agnostics, and false preachers) attack God’s Word, saying Daniel is just recorded History. How ignorant these men are, as the commandment was not given in Nehemiah, Chapter 2, to rebuild Jerusalem until about 95 years AFTER Daniel’s death. This was prophetic, as History would only fulfill what God had previously predicted.
Verse 25 lets us know that, from the edict given to rebuild Jerusalem and until the Messiah would be crucified, would cover a period of 483 years.
“...And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, ... (crucified).” (Daniel 9:26a)
In Verse 25 we have 483 years from the edict to rebuild Jerusalem to Christ being rejected and crucified. By subtracting 434 years from the 483 years, we know it took 49 years to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.
(a). Messiah be cut off (crucified), but not for Himself." Christ did not die for Himself, as he was the sinless Son of God.
“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
All humanity has sinned, and that sin was laid upon Christ on the cross, making our payment for us, as described in Isaiah 53:6.
“All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.”
(b.) “And the people of the prince that shall come.” (9:26b) (“The people” are the Romans). “Prince” is translated from “NAGID,” which in the Hebrew meaning is (a commander whether civil, religious, or military.) This would apply to Titus, the Roman general.
(c). “shall come shall destroy the city (Jerusalem) and the sanctuary.” (9:26c)
This was accomplished by Titus in 70 A.D.
(d). “The end thereof shall be with a flood.” (9:26c)
The destruction of the city and the Temple was concluded after a siege of 143 days, just shy of five months. The flood is in reference to the enormous amount of Jews that were slaughtered by the Roman Army. Flavius Josephus (37-100), the famous Jewish historian, says that there were over 1,000,000 Jews that died at the hands of Titus.
(e). “And unto the end of the war desolations are determined.” (9:26e)
From the Diaspora (a scattering) in 70 A.D. of the Jews throughout the world, “desolations are determined.” In other words, God has determined that there will be hatred (anti-Semitism), wars, and nations wanting them destroyed, and etc.
Note: Between Verses 26 and 27, the Rapture takes place. All Christians are gathered off of the earth and taken to Heaven.
We are going to stop here with the Rapture. Over 2,000 years ago, Israel made the biggest mistake in rejecting her Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ. After the Rapture and examining Daniel 9:27, we shall see her second biggest mistake in accepting the Anti-Christ’s Covenant.
Note the following diagram, a timeline illustrating what God meant when he told Daniel, "Seventy weeks (of years) are determined upon thy people (Israel)..."
- The 49 years, the 434 years, and the 483 years as shown on the diagram.
(a). The edict to rebuild Jerusalem by Artaxerxes in 445 B.C. unto the Messiah would cover a time span of 483 years.
“Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” (Daniel 9:25).
“And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.” (Daniel 9:26).
(b). After the city was rebuilt, there would be 434 years to the Messiah being “cut off” (crucified). Therefore, subtracting 434 from 483, we know it took 49 years for the rebuilding of Jerusalem.
The fulfilling of the 483 years from the edict given in 445 B.C. to Christ being crucified has been illustrated as the following.
445 B.C. The Edict to Rebuild Jerusalem
33 A.D. Age Christ Died
4 Yrs. Calendar Off
1 Yr. Difference of Months
483 Yrs. Of Prophecy Were Fulfilled
When Christ Was "Cut off," i.e. Crucified.
For more information on the subject of Bible Prophecy, you will find Pastor Younce’s book, “I Know Who Holds Tomorrow, A Book on Bible Prophecy” helpful. It has many charts and diagrams to make things clear. You can read it free here: Click Here to Read Online