IIb.1. Who Are the Sons of God In Genesis 6:1 to 4?


Question: I have a question about Genesis 6:1-4. I have asked several pastors for an explanation, and I have gotten many different opinions. I could fill a page with the various explanations I have received. Here are a couple. One pastor said the "sons of God" in Verse 2 were probably Christian men who married unsaved women; and their offspring were giants. Another said the same "sons of God" were demons , who took on human bodies, and married the heathen women; and their offspring were giants. And, on and on it goes. What is your take on these verses?

Answer: We will find our answer in the four verses we will examine in Genesis 6:

"And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, (1)

That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. (2)

And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. (3)

There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown." (4)

I. The "Sons of God" Identified

1. In beginning, we need to recognize who are called "sons of God," as found in the beginning of Verse Two.

 2. Angels, good and wicked, are called Sons of God by Creation (Colossians 1:1; Ezekiel 28:15).  All angels are men; and now disembodied spirit beings (Psalm 104:4)

 3. Christians are called Sons of God by Regeneration. (John 1:12)

 4. Jesus Christ is called the Son of God by relationship. In Deuteronomy 33:27, God is the Eternal God. In Matthew 6:9 which states, "Our Father (God) which are in heaven." NOTE: If a man has been a father for 10 years; then, he has had to have a son for 10 years.  Since God is the Eternal Father; Christ is the Eternal Son.

In Genesis 6:2, the "sons of God" are the wicked angels, now disembodied, and identified in Scripture as "demons, seducing spirits, etc." (1 Timothy 4:1). They can indwell lost people; but not Christians. They can even control the minds of the lost, and speak through their vocal chords and mouths.

For example: Read Mark 5:1-15 and Mark 9:16-26 carefully. You hear today of people being treated by psychiatrists for speaking with multiple voices. This is demon possession.  The only cure is for them to trust Jesus Christ as their Savior; not a bottle of pills, or the phony faith healers! When a person trust Jesus Christ as their Savior, the Holy Spirit takes up residence in the Christian (Ephesians 1:13; 1 Corinthians 6:19); and the demons are expelled forever! In Mark 16:9, Christ had cast seven demons out of Mary Magdalene.

 Enoch had warned the ungodly about the future judgment of God years before Noah came on the scene; as he died 69 years before Noah was born. Notice in Jude 14,15...

 "And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, (14)

To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him." (15)

 In Genesis 5:22, we are told that Enoch "walked with God" the last 300 years of his life. His warning did no good, as their eyes they closed and their ears they stopped from hearing (Matthew 13:15). We have the same people today; only the names have been changed.

 As we examine the genealogies, dates and ages of people, we find that Noah was 600 years old when the flood came. (Genesis 7:11). He was born 69 years after Enoch died. He warned the ungodly 120 years prior the flood that it was God's judgment.

 "And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years." Genesis 6:3

 Therefore, Noah, at 480 years old warned the wicked for 120 years that God's judgment of the flood would take place and destroy them all. After God's long-suffering and the warning from Enoch and Noah; God took sight of every human being and records His findings in Genesis 6:5...

 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Genesis (5)

 II. "Sons of God." (Demons, Disembodied Spirits) In Genesis 6:2.

 What is their objective? God warns every person that Satan and his demons have one objective, and that is to keep the lost unsaved until they die and plunge into Eternal Hell. Satan and his demons rejoice when a person dies without Christ.

 "Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it." John 8:44

  1. Demon Possession. Satan gathers his most wicked demons to make sure that no one will believe what Noah is preaching. He is not going to take any chances by external influence; as his plan is to internally possess the women, and continually direct their minds and thoughts that this quack preacher, named Noah, doesn't know what he is talking about. He must have had some visions and dreams and is trying to get a following by telling us that some so-called God is going to destroy us. One must remember, Satan is a murderer and a liar.
  1. Genesis 6:2. "Daughters of Men."

 The word "daughters" is from a Hebrew prime root, "BANAH," and means: (to build, begin to build, obtain children, set up, make) It is used literally, or figuratively, depending on the context in which it is used.  In other words, they are daughters who are married, or soon to be. They will have children and Satan's forces, by demon possession of their bodies and minds, will oppose Noah's message that God's judgment is soon to arrive.

a. Genesis 6:2. "...the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair;"

b. Why did the demons choose the women to possess, instead of the men? This was a very smart move by Satan. We will explain why as we continue.

c.The word "FAIR" is the Hebrew "TOWB," and means, as an adjective, "beautiful, loving, most pleasant, joyful, etc." Basically, the word describes the kind of woman they are going to possess and control. Two attributes these women possess are:

(1). Externally: They are physically beautiful.

(2). Internally: Their human spirit is as beautiful as their appearance, and their demeanor possesses all the adjectives listed above.

(3). BUT spiritually, they are heathen. They could be an agnostic, atheistic; or a worshipper of some false god.

They were heathen, without the true and living God and destined for Eternal Hell. It reminds me of those in Matthew 7:21-23. All of their wonderful works they told the Lord about, to glorify themselves, would profit them nothing! Christ's reply to them was in Verse 23...

"And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity." Matthew 7:23

 III. Why did Satan choose the women to possess?

1.  Satan knows very well the bond that a  mother has with her children is very strong. The mother raises the baby, feeds, cuddles, loves; and spends more time with her child than the father, who is working and providing for the family. As the child grows and adores its mother; is this same child going to believe "the quack preacher, Noah" that his so-called God is going to kill us all? This is passed on down from generation to generation. There is a famous poem on motherhood that states, "The hand that rocks the cradle, is the hand that rules the world."

How difficult it is to win a person who has had a wonderful mother and dad; but, they have been involved in a cult religion they have been brought up in. It is hard for a child to conceive that Mom was wrong. Satan loves it, and this is why he chose the women that would not believe "a preacher of righteousness." (2 Peter 2:5).

2.  It had never rained from Heaven before! What was this "rain" anyway? Noah went right on preaching the message God had given him in Genesis 6:17...

 "And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die." Genesis 6:17

 Since it had never rained upon the earth, as yet, Noah's preaching was certainly laughed at. God states this in Genesis 2:5a,6...

 "...for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. (5a) But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground." (6)

 Can you not just hear these wonderful, beautiful mothers, with a pleasing personality, and pleasant and loving disposition, telling their children to stay away from this cult preacher, named Noah, who says, "A flood is going to destroy us all. How can we have a flood, when it has never rained before. The evil spirits in these women will keep this philosophy in their minds, until the demonic lie is washed away by the reality of Godly truth and they are all destroyed!

  1. Genesis 6:2 "...and they took them wives."

 a. "Wives," in this verse, is a mistranslation. The Hebrew for "wives" is "ishshah." It is the same word that can be translated "wife," or "woman," depending on the context.

b. The reason the King James translators used "wives" instead of "women," is they took the "sons of God" to mean Christians married to the lost, being the "daughters of men." They failed to recognize that the angels (good and wicked) are called the "sons of God" by Creation and are now disembodied spirit beings. Since they assumed that the "sons of God" were human beings, they translated the Hebrew as "wives," since a human being can marry another human being.  Some of your commentaries have surrendered to this same error.

c. Had the translators recognized  that the "sons of God" were the wicked demons, they would have translated the Hebrew word "ishshah" as "women," instead of "wives," which would be correct.

The reason is, that a demon, a spirit being, cannot marry a human being; but, they can indwell a lost person. A spirit being cannot marry bodily a human being. Read Matthew 22:23-30. Here, we will only quote from Verse 30...

"For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven."

 When God originally created the angels, they were all men, and were never intended by God to marry.

 5. God describes these wicked angels that brought about the flood in Jude, Verse 6...

 "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day."

a. "...first estate," spiritually, their own being as angels; but, now attacking and indwelling God's Creation , injecting their venom of rejecting God's Word.

 b."...left their own habitation," the atmosphere above the earth.

 IV. Peter also pens God's Word concerning these same angels in 2 Peter 2:4...

 "For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;"

 The word "hell," here, is the Greek word "tataroo," and is the only place it appears in the Greek New Testament. God has prepared a separate place for this wicked demons (angels), until they are judged and cast into the Lake of Fire.

 1. Genesis 6:3

 "And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years."

 This verse is self-explanatory. After 120 years, the Flood will destroy all humanity except Noah and his family; who are safe on the Ark of God's Protection. All of the millions of people Satan deceived into Hell, are dead. There is no one left for the Holy Spirit to strive (plead) with, or judge.

 2. Genesis 6:4. "There were giants in the earth in those days..."

 The word "giants" is from the Hebrew word "nephilim," and means "a BULLY and tyrant. The root word for "giants" is "naphal," meaning "to fall away." These were not giants in stature, as our English word portrays. The Hebrew states these are men who have turned away from God, and are behaving with reckless ferocity.  They are impious and daring men who spread devastation and carnage wherever they go. Instead of "giants," thus leading people to think that these were giants like Goliath, who was six cubits and a span (1 Samuel 17:4). He was, therefore, over nine feet tall, using the 18 inch cubit. If they use the 21 inch cubit, he would be over eleven feet tall.

 This Hebrew word should not have been translated "giants," and is very misleading. This verse should have been translated as follows:

 "There were ungodly tyrants in the earth in those days."

 Sometimes it takes two English words to express the meaning of a Hebrew word. There is no biblical record of giants, such as Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4), anywhere found prior to the Flood.

 a. The usual Hebrew word translated as "giant, or giants," concerning their stature or size is "RAPHAH." It is translated seven (7) times as "giant." Four (4) times in 2 Samuel, Chapter 21, and three (3) times in 1 Chronicles, Chapter 20.  The same Hebrew word is also translated "giants" five (5) times in Deuteronomy, Chapters 2 and 3; and five (5) times in Joshua, Chapters 12 to 18.

 b. The word "giant" appears once in the Book of Job in 16:14.

 "He breaketh me with breach upon breach, he runneth upon me like a giant."

 Turning the "spotlight" on the Hebrew words in this verse reveals the following:

  • "breaketh" is the Hebrew "tsad" and means "against a person."breach" is the Hebrew
  • "paras" and means " break apart, scatter, spread, etc."giant" is the Hebrew "gibber" and
  • means "a warrior, tyrant, valiant man, a strong and mighty person."

 c. The word "giant" is a mistranslation and leads people to envision a man such as Goliath. A literal translation of Job 16:14 would read as follows:

 "He (this man) who is against me and is breaking me apart, time after time. He runneth upon me, like a tyrant who is a strong person, like a mighty warrior."

 The only reason I brought this out in Job was to show that; not every time you see the word "giant" is it referring to the physical stature of a person, such as Goliath.  Rather, it is referring to the attitude and physical strength of a person who is a tyrant and a warrior.

 This is similar to the same error made in Genesis 6:4, where the Hebrew word "nephilim" is translated as "giants," instead of "ungodly tyrants.

3. Genesis 6:4

"There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."

  1.  "...giants in the earth in those days...  Giants, not of stature; but, ungodly tyrants, mentally and physically strong men.
  2.  "...sons of God..." These are the angels that followed Satan, and are now disembodied evil spirits, known as demons.
  3.  "...came in unto the daughters of men..." They personally indwelt the women."...and they bare (children) to them, the same (became) mighty men which (were) of old, men of renown."
  4. The word "children" is italicized; therefore, indicating it is not in the Majority Text. As previously stated, evil, demonic spirits cannot have sex with human beings.
  5.  "became" is also italicized, as it does not appear in the original text.
  6.  "were" also italicized and is not in the original text.

 Now, let us look at this part of the verse as it would appear in the Majority Text, being translated into English.

 "...and they bare to them, the same mighty men which of old, men of renown."

 In other words, the demons that possessed these heathen women would also possess these male children; so they would be heathen, just like their grandfathers, great grandfathers, and so on, "which were of old," meaning their male ancestors.

  1. The Hebrew word for "mighty" is "gibbor," and means "ungodly men, mentally and physically strong.
  2. "renown" is the Hebrew word "shem," pronounced "shame," and means "lofty, honor, authority, character."

In other words, these were your heathen leaders. They would be like our House of Representatives and Senate in America. These were men who were heathen men, who were strained out of the people, and exercised their authority. They had a character of honor, which was lofty (that is "above" the people) and prided themselves in the fame they held.

In summing this up in Genesis 6:4, the men of old rejected Enoch's warning that God's judgment was going to come (Jude 14,15). About 550 years later, here comes Noah.  Enoch died 69 years before Noah was born. The Flood came when Noah was 600 years old (Genesis 7:11).

Noah had preached the Flood Judgment for 120 years prior to the Flood. Noah was 480 years old when he was warning the lost about the Flood.  Add 480 years to the 69 years (after Enoch's death until Noah's birth); and you have 549 years from the death of Enoch to the preaching and warning of the Flood Judgment by Noah.

 Satan knew all this, that the flood would come, just as God had warned through Noah.  The old men were heathen, and many of them had died off. There were still many heathen; but, now a new generation was being born, and Satan's fear was that many of the children, along with their mothers, may listen and believe Noah's warning.

 Satan went to work immediately, assembling his army of demons.  Their orders were to indwell the heathen women, so they could continually control their minds not to believe Noah, as it had never rained on earth from Heaven before (Genesis 2:5a,6). If he could keep the mothers from believing Noah, they would convince their children to do the same. Satan had great success, as described in Genesis 6:5.

 "And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually."

V. False Assumptions:

  1. That the descendants of Seth married the descendants of Cain, which produced giants. There is no Scripture for that philosophy!
  2.  That the demons took on human bodies, married the heathen women, of which were born giants. No giants until years after the Flood.
  3. Christian men married lost women, of whom were born giants. We have the same marriages today; but--no giants.

Satan's and his demons have continued their work of  blinding minds and indwelling the lost, down through all ages.

 "In whom the god of this world (Satan) hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them." 2 Corinthians 4:4

 Remember, only eight people out of the millions on earth boarded the Ark! Don't be like the crowds of Noah's day and be one of Satan's victims.  Noah and his family did believe God and were saved from destruction of the Flood.

 "By faith (his belief in God's Word) Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear (reverence for God's Word), prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith."  Hebrews 11:7

 You can also become an "heir of the righteousness which is by faith..." by believing that Jesus died on the cross to pay for your sin. You will then be in the Christian's Ark of Salvation, the Lord Jesus Christ, which saves us from Hell and gives us Eternal Life.

 "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life."  John 3:16


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